On this day (2448), Moshe Rabeinu made a covenant with the Jewish people at the foot of Mount Sinai:
And he took the Book of the Covenant and read it within the hearing of the people, and they said, “All that HaShem spoke we will do and we will hear” (“Shemot”, 24:7).
Even before the Giving of the Torah, Bnei Israel committed themselves to observe the Torah’s commandments (“do”) and strive to comprehend them (“hear”), while pledging to “do” before they “hear.”
From the Rebbe’s explanations:
– The Giving the Torah at Mount Sinai has been authenticated throughout generations as an event that occurred before an audience of 600,000 men, not including the children. And if we take into account women and men above the age of 60 [who were not counted among those 600 thousand], as well as other groups, then we should say that there were actually millions of individuals at Mount Sinai who had left Mitzrayim and now witnessed the Giving of the Torah.
This is not a kind of a testimony limited to a single prophet or dreamer, or even a limited group of people. It is a testimony that has been passed on from father to son through the generations, and all admit that there was no interruption in this chain until today, and that the number of witnesses has never been less than 600,000 (or more) people whose “opinions are not the same”.
And even after [the Jewish people] were spread throughout the four corners of the world, all the various accounts of this fact and historical event that have reached us, are consistent in all their details… (See more: “Igrot Kodesh”, Volume 18, Letter 6876).