“The scepter (‘shevet’) shall not depart from Judah, nor the student of the law from between his feet, until Shiloh comes, and to him will be a gathering of peoples”. (Shmot, 49:10)
The most perfect expression of this concept will be in the Era of the Redemption, with the assumption of sovereignty by Mashiach, descendant of King David and his son Shlomo from the tribe (‘shevet’) of Yehuda.
And thus on the verse, “And a shevet will arise in Israel,” the Rambam comments: “This refers to the King Mashiach.”
The word shevet also means “shoot” or “branch” of a fruit tree. The Rebbe notes:
– In this context, there is also a connection to Mashiach, as is said: “A shoot will emerge from the stem of Yishai*” which begins a renown prophecy concerning Mashiach’s coming. The Metzudas David explains it as follows: “a shevet will emerge… it’s the King Mashiach.”
For more see the Rebbe’s talk on Shabbat Parshas Vaeira — 28th Day of Teves, 5752.