Son of man, lift up a lamentation over Pharaoh the king of Egypt, and you shall say to him: You resembled a young lion among the nations but you are like a crocodile in the seas, and you went out with your rivers, and you sullied the water with your feet, and you trod their rivers… (Yechezkel, Chapter 32).
Special portions are added to the daily prayers during Rosh Chodesh:
- Hallel (Psalms 113-118) is recited in its “partial” form following the Shacharit morning prayer,
- the Yaaleh V’yavo prayer is added to the Amidah and to Grace After Meals,
- the additional Musaf prayer is said (when Rosh Chodesh is Shabbat, special additions are made to the Shabbat Musaf),
- Tachnun and similar prayers are omitted.
Many have the custom to mark Rosh Chodesh with a festive meal and reduced work activity. The latter custom is especially prevalent amongst women.